Horloge Garnier – Dolmabahce

la tour de l'horloge du Palais de Dolmabahce

Sur les 4 facades de la tour de l’horloge on trouve la marque Française de PAUL GARNIER.

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Paul Garnier (1801-1870 était un horloger-mécanicien de la Marine et des Chemins de fer français, artisan de génie aux créations multiples dans le domaine de l’horlogerie.
Paul Garnier est célèbre pour avoir fourni toutes les gares de France avec des horloges de gare. De nos jours, ces horloges sont des objets de collection. Paul Garnier donna sa collection entière de montres et pendules au Musée du Louvre. Il existe une salle portant le nom de Paul Garnier dans ce musée.

Paul Garnier (1801-1870) was a watchmaker-mechanic of the French Navy and Railways, a craftsman of genius with multiple creations in the field of watchmaking.
Paul Garnier is famous for providing all stations in France with station clocks. Nowadays, these clocks are collectibles. Paul Garnier donated his entire collection of watches and clocks to the Louvre Museum. There is a room named after Paul Garnier in this museum.

Located between the Dolmabahçe Palace and Dolmabahçe Mosque (Bezmi Alem Valide Sultan Mosque), Dolmabahçe Clock Tower was commissioned by Ottoman sultan Abdülhamid II in 1890. The construction of the clock tower finished in 1895 and according to the Ottoman archives it costed 1,210,550 Mecidiye gold coins (approximately $350 million in 2016 values).
Dolmabahçe Clock Tower was built by Armenian descent architect Sarkis Balyan, who was the son of Garabet Balyan – Dolmabahçe Palace’s architect. It is a very successful and classy blend architectural styles of Neo-Baroque and Empirical.
The height of the four-story tower is approximately 27 meters (89 feet) and it stands on a floor area of 8,5 x 8,5 meters (28 x 28 feet). It has four clocks on its four sides and they were produced by clock-master Johann Mayer. In 1979, the original mechanical clock was converted partly to an electrical one and its clocks are still functioning.
Amazing facts about Dolmabahçe Clock Tower
It is one of the clock towers built during the reign of Abdülhamid II (r. 1876-1909) such as Yıldız Clock Tower, Nusretiye Clock Tower, Izmir Clock Tower and so on. At the time these clock towers were built (late nineteenth century) they led reaction from the public, because they were chiming every hour like a church bell and the majority of the population was Muslim. However, reactions from the public did not last long, since they helped people to schedule and organize their daily lives better.
Johann Mayer, the watch-maker of Dolmabahçe Clock Tower, is one of the earliest clock masters working for famous watch brand, Paul Garnier.
Dolmabahçe Clock Tower is a four-story tower and the each story is different in terms of size, decoration, and architecture.

Source : https://istanbultourstudio.com/things-to-do/dolmabahce-clock-tower

Dolmabahçe Saat Kulesi, II.Abdülhamit’n eseridir
Sultan II.Abdülhamit tarafından yaptırıldı. Bir milyon iki yüz on beş bin yüz elli kuruşa mal oldu. Para hazineden çıktı. Yapımına 1890 yılında başlanmıştı, dört yıl sonra 1894 yılında tamamlandı. Saat Kulesi de gösterişli bir mimari anlayışla inşa edildi. 12 X 12 metrelik bir alan üzerine konuldu. Yükseldikçe daralan bir şekilde düzenlendi. Barok ve Ampir üsluplar kullanıldı. 4 katlı yapıldı. Deniz ve kara tarafındaki ikinci kat alınlıkların ortasına, 1882 yılında II.Abdülhamit tarafından terazi ve silah eklenerek tamamlanmış birer Osmanlı Arması mermere oyularak yerleştirildi. Kapı üstü hizasında, dört tarafına dört ayrı barometre konuldu. Barometrelerde, hava durumları aynen şöyle yazılmıştı, hala öyle devam ediyor; Fırtına- Rüzgar, Yağmur- Mütehavvil (değişken, kararsız anlamında) – Eyi Hava – Sabit Hava.
Kuledeki saatler Fransa’dan getirtildiler. Saatçibaşı John Meyer, Paul Garnier markalı saatleri dördüncü kat alınlıklarına, makinaları da üçüncü kata yerleştirdi. Deniz tarafındaki saat ayrı, diğer üç taraftaki saatler aynı anda kuruluyorlardı. 1979 Yılında, saatler kısmen elektronik sisteme çevrildiler.